COMPETITION FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION OF NEW LABORATORIES OF THE BULGARIAN ANTARCTIC BASE "ST CLIMENT OHRIDSKI", LIVINGSTON ISLAND – FIRST PLACE AND ASSIGNMENT

The Bulgarian Antarctic Mission’s base as well as the planned new building thereto are located at: 62O 38' 29" S, 60O 21' 53" W, on the east coast of the South Bay, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands. The newly designed building of the new laboratories of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences will be located on a hill, in immediate proximity to the old structures and the chapel. The site was chosen by the mission team with Principal Prof. Hristo Pimpirev. The terrain has a displacement, which makes it interesting, because in this way it has a "back". All major premises of the laboratory unit will overlook the bay and glacier on the opposite shore. The facility has a usable area of 312 sq. m. (total built-up area of 354 sq. m.).

It is a one-storey building. It is raised from the terrain for easier wind-blowing, against snow accumulation around and over it. The minimum distance from the lower edge of the building to the terrain is 50 cm. In plan, it represents two lateral volumes below 90 degrees and a connecting part below 135 degrees in relation to them. The lateral volumes are made of identical modules with wheelbase distances of 380cm x 900cm, which, if needed, would allow its possible easy extension by adding new ones.
The roof is double sloped with different inclination angles. The newly designed volumes replicate the character of the existing buildings, combining the silhouette of the main building with that of the Alpine-style buildings with sharp peaks. The purpose of this decision is to justify reasonably the new laboratory base in the complex of already existing buildings. The new building aims to give a memorable look to the entire complex as well as to emphasize the features of the already existing volumes. The building – both the walls and the roof – is intended to be entirely in red colour, like many others in Antarctica.

According to the Technical Design Assignment three groups of premises with different functions are organized in the building:
1. Laboratory unit – with three laboratories (geological, biological, general) and a warehouse to the laboratories for samples imported directly from outside.
2. Living room – with presentation area, library and video library, lounge area, work area with computers, kitchenette.
3. Bedrooms with bathrooms - four bedrooms, each with two beds and two bathrooms.
In addition, technical and storage facilities have been designed.
Main entrance of the building is from the side of the more flat terrain’s part appearing on the back of the building. All premises are predominantly organized on the front part, facing the bay. Connections between the separate premises are conditioned by the need to isolate the clean part from the movement of wet and dirty shoes coming from outside.

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What characterizes the Project is the fact that the building is "modest" and practical. This Project is based on an understanding that such a clean environment, such as that of Antarctica, requires premeditated intervention to the maximum extent. At a time when nations are competing in the construction of impressive facilities of thousands of square meters on the ice continent, this Project relies on the human scale, on the already known shaping along these latitudes, but both developed in a modern reading. This building will be a new shelter for scientists, a structure with no "special effects", but functional, comfortable, technological, and environmentally friendly.

DESIGN TEAM AND TECHNICAL PROJECT:
ARCHITECTURE: Arch. Penka Stancheva, PS ARCHITECTS Ltd.;
CONSTRUCTIONS: Eng. Jivko Ivanov, MILAR Ltd;
HEATING, VENTILATION and AIR CONDITIONING: Eng. Nelly Dimitrova, AUDIT -ENGINEERING Ltd.;
ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS: Eng. Vlado Petkov, Eng. Dimiter Kolev, ELPROEKT-VP Ltd.;
WATER and SEWERAGE: Eng. Albena Kaneva, PROVIK Ltd.;
PREVIEWS and PRESENTATION COMPETITION - EXTERIOR: Arch. Nicola Kojuharov;
PREVIEWS COMPETITION - INTERIOR: Eng. Paulina Dimova

BULGARIAN NATIONAL RADIO – radio interview in front of Bulgarian National Radio, Plovdiv Branch – 02.08.2019;
BULGARIAN NATIONAL TELEVISION – live participation in the MORNING BLOCK broadcast, Bulgarian National Television – 02.08.2019;
SOFIA GLOBE – publication in the information platform for English speakers in Bulgaria – 02.08.2019;
NOVA TV – evening news coverage 20.00 - 05.08.2019;
CAPITAL – article and interview in the prestigious weekly CAPITAL magazine – 16.08. 2019;
NASH DOM magazine, September – October, 2019;
bTV – live participation in the BEFORE DINNER programme, bTV – 18.09.2019

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MEDIA REPRESENTATION OF THE PROJECT:
BULGARIAN NATIONAL RADIO – radio interview in front of Bulgarian National Radio, Plovdiv Branch – 02.08.2019;
BULGARIAN NATIONAL TELEVISION – live participation in the MORNING BLOCK broadcast, Bulgarian National Television – 02.08.2019;
SOFIA GLOBE – publication in the information platform for English speakers in Bulgaria – 02.08.2019;
NOVA TV – evening news coverage 20.00 - 05.08.2019;
CAPITAL – article and interview in the prestigious weekly CAPITAL magazine – 16.08. 2019;
NASH DOM magazine, September – October, 2019;
bTV – live participation in the BEFORE DINNER programme, bTV – 18.09.2019